Mold, also known as fungus, is anaerobic growth that grows on damp, wet organic materials. Mold is an important part of nature and is found everywhere in the environment; inside and out, mold growth is prevented by proper drying of the materials it grows on. Mold attacks many different surfaces; drywall, paint, wood, carpeting, dry floors, dry interior walls, shower curtains, windows, and appliances are just some of the things that can harbor mold. Mold may be microscopic in size but when the mold spores are released into the air they grow into a growing colony. Mold is often found in indoor environments; it grows best in areas where there are moisture and high humidity.
Mold is most often found in homes in moist, dark, humid areas; basements, attics, crawlspaces, and storage facilities. Mold develops when mycotoxins are present, these are toxins produced by certain organisms that are harmful to humans but not necessarily so to the living organisms they feed on. Mold remediation is often confused with mold allergies; mycotoxins are usually not present in all mold remediation is the process of removing these toxins. Mold spores are released into the air and if the area remains damp the mold will continue to reproduce. Mold remediation is done by removing the mycotoxins and preventing future mold growth.
If the cause of your mold problem is not moisture then mold remediation will not be necessary. Mold does not cause health problems for humans; it is only a substance that is unpleasant and creates an aesthetic problem. Mold growth occurs in areas where there is excess moisture; the moisture may be coming from leaky pipes, leaking roof tiles, plumbing leaks, or inadequate venting. Some homes have their roof installed with a drywall below the house to create a seal; if this has not been installed correctly or if the seal around the house is deteriorating then this can contribute to mold growth.
When looking at the source of a water problem and determining if the mold remediation is needed, it is important to find out if the contamination comes from a known area of health risk. Mold spores are very small; they cannot hide or move so they are not spread from one area of a home to another. Mold remediation is best left to trained professionals; moisture testing kits can be purchased from stores that sell products to help prevent illness and water damage to a home. In the event a water problem does exist it is important to find and eliminate the source of the contamination before handling any mold remediation samples. Mold contaminated materials should be removed and thrown away.
If a mold problem is found during mold remediation, it is wise to contact mold removal companies to get rid of the problem. Mold removal companies have special products that can be used on small areas and will often be able to remove the mold problem without damaging the area around it. Some molds can leave a black or greenish residue and these can be removed easily using a mold removal product. For larger mold removal jobs a team of trained specialists will be able to get rid of all the mold spores in the contaminated area while safely removing the contaminated materials as well.
Most mold remediation teams use biocide or biological cleaning products for reducing mold growth in a home. Biocide is effective against a wide range of molds including: black mold, Stachybotrys chartarum, Penicilliums, Aspergillus, Alternaria and Enteromorrhiza. A biocide cleaner is less harmful to people than other toxic cleaning products and is more gentle on the environment.